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Lua

Lua is a fast, powerful, lightweight, embeddable scripting language. It was designed around being portable and easy to use. Lua is used around the world in various applications, including CGI webpages, powerful configuration files, and a language for creating extensions to other programs, especially games, such as Roblox, Garry’s Mod, and the ComputerCraft mod for Minecraft.

Download software: The Lua programming language interpreter. (Download source for compilation from http://www.lua.org/download.html OR download installer package for Windows from https://code.google.com/p/luaforwindows/)

Cost: Free (Licensed under the MIT License)

Instructions to setup software: Compile source code via the makefile or run installer package for Windows.

Hardware requirements: Any platform that has an ISO/ANSI C compiler, some others.

Operating systems supported: Any that are an executable target from any ISO/ANSI C compiler, some others.

Difficulty level: 2 out of 5


TRY IT!

1. Create a folder on your hard drive – call it “Lua Demo”.

2. Copy this Lua code and paste into your favorite text editor. Windows notepad works fine.


-- A Lua program.
-- Double hyphens indicate comments, which aren't actually run as code and are notes for other programmers.

--[[
  if you use the double hyphens and then double square brackets,
  you can have comments that span multiple lines,
  as long as you end it with closing brackets!
]]

-- Write a greeting onto the screen
io.write("Hi there! What's your name? ")

-- Create a global variable called 'name', giving it a value assigned from keyboard input
name = io.read()

--[[
  Write a message on the screen, using the value within name.
  The double dots (..) tell Lua to concatenate (or combine) the string
  with the value from name. The "\n" tells Lua to start a new line
]]

io.write("Hello, "..name.."! I'm your computer!\n")
io.write("Let's do some math.\nYou give me two numbers, and I'll add them up.\n")

-- Read in a value into number1
io.write("What's the first number? ")
number1 = io.read()

--[[
  Check that number1 really is a number. The tonumber() function will return a value
  that will cause the logical while statement to succeed and continue if the variable is a number.
  Otherwise, continue to ask for a new value until it is a number.
]]

while not tonumber(number1) do
  io.write("That's not a number!\n")
  io.write("What's the first number? ")
  number1 = io.read()
end

-- Do the exact same thing with a new variable called number2.

io.write("What's the second number? ")
number2 = io.read()

while not tonumber(number2) do
  io.write("That's not a number!\n")
  io.write("What's the second number? ")
  number2 = io.read()
end

-- Add up the numbers
answer = number1 + number2

-- Display the final result and a good-bye
io.write(number1.." + "..number2.." = "..answer.." !\n")
io.write("It was great talking to you, "..name.."!\n")
io.write("See you later!\n")

3. Save the File as “Lua-Example.lua” in the new folder you created in step 1.

4. Double click on the Lua file to launch a Lua interpreter, if you installed for Lua for Windows package. Otherwise, use the command line to run Lua. (Enter ‘lua Lua-Example.lua’ in the command line)

Enter you name and a couple numbers and see what happens! Try several different names and numbers.


TRY THIS

1. Change the math operation that the computer uses for the numbers.

2. Change the wording of the phrases.

3. Add another text input –- ask for a third number.


LEARN MORE

Reference Manual for Lua 5.2: A full manual for the Lua language.

Programming in Lua: A book written by one of the Lua language designers that covers many different topics about Lua.

www.lua-users.org: A user-created wiki about Lua containing many tutorials and other documents.


RESOURCES, TIPS, TRICKS AND HINTS

Notepad++ is a great free text editor designed specifically for programmers. Check it out here.

3 Comments on Lua

  1. I love lua!

  2. The Empty Shadow // July 4, 2014 at 8:21 am // Reply

    This is really interesting. I’d heard about Lua from playing Garry’s Mod, and I figured “why not give it a try?”

  3. i dont get it

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