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Build a lemon-powered clock

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Power a digital clock by making a battery out of lemons.


  • 2 ripe lemons
  • Low-voltage digital clock (Use a clock that takes one AA battery or a 1.5-volt button cell battery. One AA battery has about 1.5 volts of energy. Two lemons should produce about 1.5 volts.)
  • 2 copper pennies (If your penny has a date before 1982, it is made of 95 percent copper. If the date is 1982 or later, it is made of 97.5 percent zinc with a thin copper coating. The old pennies work better.)
  • 3 8″ lengths of copper wire
  • 2 galvanized nails (Galvanized nails are coated with zinc.)
  • Knife
  • Scissors
  • Clip leads (alligator clips), optional


1. Roll the lemons on a hard surface, being careful not to break the skin. (This will loosen the pulp, make the lemons juicy and help the electrons move through the lemons.)

2. Wrap one end of a wire around a penny and the other around the end of a nail. (These will be used to connect the lemons together. Connecting lemons with metal wires adds voltage from each lemon. The more lemons you connect together, the higher the voltage.)

3. Connect a second wire to a penny and leave the other end bare.

4. Wrap the third wire around a nail and leave the other end bare.

5. Cut a slit in each lemon just large enough to insert the pennies. Insert the pennies and nails as shown in the image at the top of this page. (Make sure the copper wire has good contact with both the pennies and nails, and make sure the pennies and the nails make good contact with the lemon pulp and juice.)

6. Remove the battery from the clock and touch the wires to the positive and negative terminals in the clock. If your clock doesn’t work, try switching the wires.

7. You can also use clip leads (alligator clips) to connect your wires to the pennies, nails and clock, as shown below.

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32 Comments on Build a lemon-powered clock

  1. I am going to try this for my science fair

  2. it really works

  3. dose it have a alarm

  4. it really works i tried it and i still use it

  5. ME!!!!!!!!!! // January 23, 2013 at 6:09 pm // Reply

    look’s pretty cool i’ll use it for the science fair if i don’t eat the lemons first XDXDXD

  6. look’s preety cool thanks!!!


  8. lj coool man // January 16, 2013 at 4:36 pm // Reply

    awsome cool

  9. Thank You Very much. I am going to use this for my visual presentation in my 5th grade class!

  10. im using it for my science fair tommorow

  11. Science fair project material

  12. do we need nails or what?

  13. yay im using this in my science fair which is tomorrow

  14. how much will be the voltage of this??
    can we use this to charge phone?

  15. it really works

  16. i am gonna try this

  17. supersayian4freak // October 12, 2012 at 7:42 pm // Reply

    Looks awesome! I’d do that!

  18. awsome dude // October 6, 2012 at 5:33 pm // Reply

    Does this have to do with the acid in the lemon?

  19. awsome dude // October 6, 2012 at 5:31 pm // Reply

    I think this is a way better way to power my clock.

  20. im using this for my science far project but i modified

  21. this is very cool mamby it could get me a good grade in the science fair

  22. Will you please describe the mechanism behind it? I don’t understand the reason behind copper and zinc plate. Is there any idea behind it? And in step 2, why the two lemons were joined by a single copper wire?

    • If you dont complete the circuit, then it wont work! Meaning, if lemon 1 is connected to nail 1, positive end, and penny one, and lemon 2 is connected to nail 2, penny 2, and negative end, but the two lemons have no OBVIOUS connection, then the circuit is incomplete, like putting bread in the toaster and turning it on, but you didn’t plug it in or put in batteries, then it wont work.

  23. Amazing! Really works and also made one out of orange!

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