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How to Find Fossils

fossil

Sometimes a rock’s just a rock … and sometimes it’s a fossil. How can you tell the difference?

Research which fossils are common where you’ll be hiking

Stop by a museum or visitor center, call a local university’s geology department or search for a club of paleontologists (people who study fossils of plants and animals).

Find the right kind of rocks

Fossils are found in sedimentary rocks, like sandstone, limestone or shale. Sedimentary rocks look like layered pancakes.

Look for exposed rock

Check out stream cuts, bluffs, sea cliffs, road cuts or any place where bedrock is eroding.

Get low

You’ll see more fossils when you’re on your hands and knees. Use a magnifying lens. Form a “search image” in your mind. If you spotted ammonites at a nearby rock shop, think about what they looked like. Search for spirals and snail shapes. And remember that most fossils are small sea animals – not rare dinosaur bones.

Don’t take fossils

Leave fossils as you found them, so others can enjoy them, unless directed otherwise by local authorities. If you think you’ve found something unusual, make a careful note of its exact location — information that’s as important as the rock itself. A fossil’s location tells its story, where and how the animal lived.

FIVE EASY-TO-FIND FOSSILS

Here are five fossils that you can look for on your next hike.

ammonoids.jpgAmmonoids

People in the Middle Ages called ammonoids “snake stones” because they thought the fossils were coiled snakes.

 

brachiopod-1.jpgBrachiopods

Scientists say most brachiopods disappeared 250 million years ago, when as much as 95 percent of ocean animals died in a mass extinction.

 

coralbandingfossil.jpgCorals

Algae lives inside the coral, giving it nutrients and oxygen.

 

crinoids-and-brachiopods.JPGCrinoids

This flower-shaped animal’s anus was next to its mouth.

 

trilobite_metacryphaeus.jpgTrilobites

Growing trilobites crawled out of old exoskeletons through head splits, giving their fossils “facial structures.”

 

13 Comments on How to Find Fossils

  1. If you have a limestone driveway,you will be able to find some fossils. I have found around 50 in our driveway.

  2. Where should you find the fossils? It doesn’t really say.

  3. Hi I shell and I found a lot of shell fossil on my property and a lot stones plus gold flakes..

  4. Trees ru ls // July 25, 2018 at 12:54 pm // Reply

    Tell me, were are the best locations to find fossils.

  5. Dinos beneath us // June 30, 2018 at 9:00 pm // Reply

    I found 10000 yr old fossils of a TREE and by my research it was a oak tree

  6. good fun

  7. dizzyizzy7803 // November 7, 2016 at 7:49 pm // Reply

    hi i am doing a project on fossils with my class the info was helpful

  8. I’m 9 years old and I find an ammonite fossil. According to its markings, it is 75 million years old from the Cretaceous period in the Mesazoic Era!

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