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How to Make An Authentic Native-American Arrow

SAFETY FIRST: Ask an adult to help with tools you haven't used before.

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Click here for a PDF version of these instructions.

I make arrows the way my Iroquois ancestors did long ago. You can, too.

In our modern world, the hard part is getting the material, but you can use some alternatives that I’ve suggested.

Just remember: These arrows might look crude, but they’re not toys. Use them for target practice only, under the supervision of an adult, or display them in your room. Be careful!

— Gordon Soaring Hawk

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WHAT YOU’LL NEED

  • Adult help and/or supervision
  • Quarter-inch or 5/16-inch dowels
  • Bone, metal or slate, ground to shape, for arrowheads
  • Stout thread or cordage to attach feathers and arrowheads to the shaft
  • Hot glue, wood glue or ferrule cement
  • Wing feathers from a craft store
  • Water- or oil-based paint

WHAT YOU’LL DO

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STEP 1: Shafts should be about as thick as your little finger and a couple of inches longer than the distance from your armpit to your fingertips. Make sure they’re straight as an arrow! After you gather them (get permission before cutting any growing thing), bundle them in groups of five and let dry for a few days. Dowels can be used as a substitute; they are available at lumber and building-supply stores.

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STEP 2: Once the shaft is dry, scrape off the bark until the wood is smooth.

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STEP 3: Cut a notch (about as deep as the diameter of the shaft) for the bowstring by scraping one end with a sharp stone. To get a sharp stone, find a piece of quartzite cobble (river stone) and break it in half with another rock. At the end of the shaft that receives the arrowhead, scrape out a notch that is 3/8 – to 5/8-inch deep. You can also use a knife, small saw or file.

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STEP 4: Grind an arrowhead into the right shape by scraping the material against a sidewalk until the arrowhead has a point and a sharp edge. It’s a simple but tedious process. For safer arrowheads, you can round off the point.

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STEP 5: Using the sharp rock, gouge a notch on either side of the wide end of the arrowhead for holding the cordage.

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STEP 6: Place the arrowhead in the notch, wrap it with a piece of cordage 8 to 10 inches long and glue it with hot glue. I use resin, which is made from boiling pitch (sap) from trees. Making resin can be dangerous because natural turpentines must be burned off. For cordage, I use sinew, which I prepare by pounding deer tendons between rocks, then separate them into long, stringy fibers. Before I can use the sinew, I must chew it. The enzymes in saliva help dissolve the collagen that holds the tissues together, and this is what makes it work like glue. (Soaking it in water won’t work.)

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STEP 7: For fletching (arranging) the feathers on your arrows, make sure each vane comes from the same side of the wing. Split each feather down the middle of the spine (use scissors or pocketknife) and trim it to size.

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STEP 8: Glue the feathers onto the shaft, making sure the top feather is aligned with the bowstring notch, then space the two others equally from the first. Wrap more thread around each end of the feathers and set the arrow aside to dry for a day.

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STEP 9: Once the wrappings are dry, the arrow is ready for painting. I put animal fat in a tin can and melt it in the sun. Then I mix in some reddish earth and daub it on the arrow with a paintbrush. You can use watercolors or oil-based paint.

Now it’s time for target practice!


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11 Comments on How to Make An Authentic Native-American Arrow

  1. I read online that if you are using sinew to strengthen your bow you should use hide glue instead of elmer’s glue. The hide glue and sinew shrink at the same rate, but the elmer’s glue doesn’t. The shrinkage is supposed to make the bow stronger and able to bend more.

  2. How do you make Bow

  3. wooden archer // September 9, 2012 at 10:15 pm // Reply

    I crafted a recurve bow from an oak branch but it didn’t shoot. So i took a few hours whittling and now it could be very suitable for hunting. I don’t hurt animals though so i just sport shoot.

  4. I am 8 and I made mine own homemade bow

  5. katniss everdeen // August 12, 2012 at 4:41 am // Reply

    Its really cool , I almost shot deer yesterday

  6. billlllllllllllly // July 30, 2012 at 10:51 pm // Reply

    Almost shot my toe about two inches away work great arrows almost brought deer down but I tripped hit it in the leg it got away thoufh

  7. awsome girl // July 24, 2012 at 10:24 pm // Reply

    My dad made me a bow out of a straight, flexible plastic rod with a shoe lace string. It is very powerful. For this arrow, instead of gluing the feathers, I tied them with fishing line.

    • I am native american and have had several ways of making arrow heads past down to me but the best way to get your arrow head on the arrow shaft the most authentic way is to chew tree sap. Get it nice and stick and place it on the shaft then stick the head on. After you do so tie is off with a small vine or weave strans of bark to make string.

  8. I love this i am doing great with my arrows because of boys life thanks! I’m an archer! This is totally worth trying and making.

  9. I used shells for the arrowheads.

  10. This is very good thanks

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